How Morality and Abstract Thinking Differs Between Black Africans and White Westerners (Part 1)

An Anti-Balaka fighter, member of a militia opposed to the Seleka rebel group, puts a knife to his throat showing what he would do to any Seleka, on the outskirts of the Boy-Rabe neighborhood in Bangui on December 14, 2013. France raised alarm on December 13 over worsening violence in the Central African Republic, as UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged warring Christians and Muslims to stop the bloodshed that has left more than 600 dead in the past week. AFP PHOTO IVAN LIEMAN (Photo credit should read Ivan Lieman/AFP/Getty Images)

Note: The following article written by Gedaliah Braun on how morality and abstract thinking differs between Black Africans and White westerners is an observational study that was written a number of years ago.

Braun’s work is not so much a scientific essay with charts, graphs, and the like, but more along the lines of a common-sense, true-to-life observational study on how Blacks and Whites interpret and interact with the world around them so very differently. This is an important subject and highly relevant too because it flies in the face of liberals who maintain that race is nothing more than a ‘social construct’; that so-called differences between Blacks and Whites are only superficial, that we are essentially the same.

I vaguely remember reading it on the American Renaissance website years prior which had reprinted the essay. It was recently brought to my attention, however, by one of my readers, ‘T Bone,’ and I was urged to make it available to a wider audience of those who regularly read what I post here at Ambrose Kane.

Don’t let the length of the article discourage you from reading all of it. There is much to profit from Braun’s insights, and it will give you an even greater understanding of why Blacks in America do what they do.

It will help to provide insight into why huge numbers of ‘African-Americans’ live in poverty, possess such strong criminal and savage proclivities, seem to rarely consider the consequences of their actions, and are so emotionally volatile. It will also help you (if you’re not already aware of it) to understand why Blacks have great difficulty adhering to western standards of morality, including basic rules of civility that’s required for any advanced society.

Perhaps we will finally realize that we as Whites have invited a people to dwell among us who are still very primitive; a people who in some respects still live and think as if they are in the Stone Age.

I hope the reader will not mind that I have structured the article slightly differently, emphasized important words and sentences, and I have included my own photographs.  


I am an American who taught philosophy in several African universities from 1976 to 1988, and have lived since that time in South Africa. When I first came to Africa, I knew virtually nothing about the continent or its people, but I began learning quickly. I noticed, for example, that Africans rarely kept promises and saw no need to apologize when they broke them. It was as if they were unaware they had done anything that called for an apology.

It took many years for me to understand why Africans behaved this way but I think I can now explain this and other behavior that characterizes Africa. I believe that morality requires abstract thinking—as does planning for the future—and that a relative deficiency in abstract thinking may explain many things that are typically African.

What follow are not scientific findings. There could be alternative explanations for what I have observed, but my conclusions are drawn from more than 30 years of living among Africans.


My first inklings about what may be a deficiency in abstract thinking came from what I began to learn about African languages. In a conversation with students in Nigeria I asked how you would say that a coconut is about halfway up the tree in their local language. “You can’t say that,” they explained. “All you can say is that it is ‘up’.” “How about right at the top?” “Nope; just ‘up’.” In other words, there appeared to be no way to express gradations.

A few years later, in Nairobi, I learned something else about African languages when two women expressed surprise at my English dictionary. “Isn’t English your language?” they asked. “Yes,” I said. “It’s my only language.” “Then why do you need a dictionary?”

They were puzzled that I needed a dictionary, and I was puzzled by their puzzlement. I explained that there are times when you hear a word you’re not sure about and so you look it up. “But if English is your language,” they asked, “how can there be words you don’t know?” “What?” I said. “No one knows all the words of his language.”


“But we know all the words of Kikuyu; every Kikuyu does,” they replied. I was even more surprised, but gradually it dawned on me that since their language is entirely oral, it exists only in the minds of Kikuyu speakers. Since there is a limit to what the human brain can retain, the overall size of the language remains more or less constant. A written language, on the other hand, existing as it does partly in the millions of pages of the written word, grows far beyond the capacity of anyone to know it in its entirety. But if the size of a language is limited, it follows that the number of concepts it contains will also be limited and hence that both language and thinking will be impoverished.

African languages were, of necessity, sufficient in their pre-colonial context. They are impoverished only by contrast to Western languages and in an Africa trying to emulate the West. While numerous dictionaries have been compiled between Euro­pean and African languages, there are few dictionaries within a single African language, precisely because native speakers have no need for them. I did find a Zulu-Zulu dictionary, but it was a small-format paperback of 252 pages.


My queries into Zulu began when I rang the African Language Department at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg and spoke to a white guy. Did “precision” exist in the Zulu language prior to European contact? “Oh,” he said, “that’s a very Eurocentric question!” and simply wouldn’t answer. I rang again, spoke to another white guy, and got a virtually identical response.

So I called the University of South Africa, a large correspondence university in Pretoria, and spoke to a young black guy. As has so often been my experience in Africa, we hit it off from the start. He understood my interest in Zulu and found my questions of great interest. He explained that the Zulu word for “precision” means “to make like a straight line.” Was this part of indigenous Zulu? No; this was added by the compilers of the dictionary.

But, he assured me, it was otherwise for “promise.” I was skeptical. How about “obligation?” We both had the same dictionary (English-Zulu, Zulu-English Dictionary, published by Witwatersrand University Press in 1958), and looked it up. The Zulu entry means “as if to bind one’s feet.” He said that was not indigenous but was added by the compilers. But if Zulu didn’t have the concept of obligation, how could it have the concept of a promise, since a promise is simply the oral undertaking of an obligation? I was interested in this, I said, because Africans often failed to keep promises and never apologized—as if this didn’t warrant an apology.

A light bulb seemed to go on in his mind. Yes, he said; in fact, the Zulu word for promise—isithembiso—is not the correct word. When a black person “promises” he means “maybe I will and maybe I won’t.” But, I said, this makes nonsense of promising, the very purpose of which is to bind one to a course of action. When one is not sure he can do something he may say, “I will try but I can’t promise.” He said he’d heard whites say that and had never understood it till now. As a young Romanian friend so aptly summed it up, when a black person “promises” he means “I’ll try.”

The failure to keep promises is therefore not a language problem. It is hard to believe that after living with whites for so long they would not learn the correct meaning, and it is too much of a coincidence that the same phenomenon is found in Nigeria, Kenya and Papua New Guinea, where I have also lived. It is much more likely that Africans generally lack the very concept and hence cannot give the word its correct meaning. This would seem to indicate some difference in intellectual capacity.

Note the Zulu entry for obligation: “as if to bind one’s feet.” An obligation binds you, but it does so morally, not physically. It is an abstract concept, which is why there is no word for it in Zulu. So what did the authors of the dictionary do? They took this abstract concept and made it concrete. Feet, rope, and tying are all tangible and observable, and therefore things all blacks will understand, whereas many will not understand what an obligation is. The fact that they had to define it in this way is, by itself, compelling evidence for my conclusion that Zulu thought has few abstract concepts and indirect evidence for the view that Africans may be deficient in abstract thinking.


Abstract thinking

Abstract entities do not exist in space or time; they are typically intangible and can’t be perceived by the senses. They are often things that do not exist. “What would happen if everyone threw rubbish everywhere?” refers to something we hope will not happen, but we can still think about it.

Everything we observe with our senses occurs in time and everything we see exists in space; yet we can perceive neither time nor space with our senses, but only with the mind. Precision is also abstract; while we can see and touch things made with precision, precision itself can only be perceived by the mind.

How do we acquire abstract concepts? Is it enough to make things with precision in order to have the concept of precision? Africans make excellent carvings, made with precision, so why isn’t the concept in their language? To have this concept we must not only do things with precision but must be aware of this phenomenon and then give it a name.

How, for example, do we acquire such concepts as belief and doubt? We all have beliefs; even animals do. When a dog wags its tail on hearing his master’s footsteps, it believes he is coming. But it has no concept of belief because it has no awareness that it has this belief and so no awareness of belief per se. In short, it has no self-consciousness, and thus is not aware of its own mental states.

It has long seemed to me that blacks tend to lack self-awareness. If such awareness is necessary for developing abstract concepts it is not surprising that African languages have so few abstract terms. A lack of self-awareness—or introspection—has advantages. In my experience neurotic behavior, characterized by excessive and unhealthy self-consciousness, is uncommon among blacks. I am also confident that sexual dysfunction, which is characterized by excessive self-consciousness, is less common among blacks than whites.

Time is another abstract concept with which Africans seem to have difficulties. I began to wonder about this in 1998. Several Africans drove up in a car and parked right in front of mine, blocking it. “Hey,” I said, “you can’t park here.” “Oh, are you about to leave?” they asked in a perfectly polite and friendly way. “No,” I said, “but I might later. Park over there”—and they did.

While the possibility that I might want to leave later was obvious to me, their thinking seemed to encompass only the here and now: “If you’re leaving right now we understand, but otherwise, what’s the problem?” I had other such encounters and the key question always seemed to be, “Are you leaving now?” The future, after all, does not exist. It will exist, but doesn’t exist now. People who have difficulty thinking of things that do not exist will ipso facto have difficulty thinking about the future.

It appears that the Zulu word for “future”—isikhati—is the same as the word for time, as well as for space. Realistically, this means that these concepts probably do not exist in Zulu thought. It also appears that there is no word for the past—meaning, the time preceding the present. The past did exist, but no longer exists. Hence, people who may have problems thinking of things that do not exist will have trouble thinking of the past as well as the future.

This has an obvious bearing on such sentiments as gratitude and loyalty, which I have long noticed are uncommon among Africans. We feel gratitude for things that happened in the past, but for those with little sense of the past such feelings are less likely to arise.

Why did it take me more than 20 years to notice all of this? I think it is because our assumptions about time are so deeply rooted that we are not even aware of making them and hence the possibility that others may not share them simply does not occur to us. And so we don’t see it, even when the evidence is staring us in the face.


Mathematics and maintenance

I quote from an article in the South African press about the problems blacks have with mathematics:

“[Xhosa] is a language where polygon and plane have the same definition … where concepts like triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, hexagon are defined by only one word.” (“Finding New Languages for Maths and Science,” Star [Johannesburg], July 24, 2002, p. 8.)

More accurately, these concepts simply do not exist in Xhosa, which, along with Zulu, is one of the two most widely spoken languages in South Africa. In America, blacks are said to have a “tendency to approximate space, numbers and time instead of aiming for complete accuracy.” (Star, June 8, 1988, p.10.) In other words, they are also poor at math. Notice the identical triumvirate—space, numbers, and time. Is it just a coincidence that these three highly abstract concepts are the ones with which blacks — everywhere — seem to have such difficulties?

The entry in the Zulu dictionary for “number,” by the way — ningi — means “numerous,” which is not at all the same as the concept of number. It is clear, therefore, that there is no concept of number in Zulu.

White rule in South Africa ended in 1994. It was about ten years later that power outages began, which eventually reached crisis proportions. The principle reason for this is simply lack of maintenance on the generating equipment. Maintenance is future-oriented, and the Zulu entry in the dictionary for it is ondla, which means: “1. Nourish, rear; bring up; 2. Keep an eye on; watch (your crop).” In short, there is no such thing as maintenance in Zulu thought, and it would be hard to argue that this is wholly unrelated to the fact that when people throughout Africa say “nothing works,” it is only an exaggeration.

The New York Times reports that New York City is considering a plan (since implemented) aimed at getting blacks to “do well on standardized tests and to show up for class,” by paying them to do these things and that could “earn [them] as much as $500 a year.” Students would get money for regular school attendance, every book they read, doing well on tests, and sometimes just for taking them. Parents would be paid for “keeping a full-time job … having health insurance … and attending parent-teacher conferences.” (Jennifer Medina, “Schools Plan to Pay Cash for Marks,” New York Times, June 19, 2007.)

The clear implication is that blacks are not very motivated. Motivation involves thinking about the future and hence about things that do not exist. Given black deficiencies in this regard, it is not surprising that they would be lacking in motivation, and having to prod them in this way is further evidence for such a deficiency.

The Zulu entry for “motivate” is banga, under which we find “1. Make, cause, produce something unpleasant; … to cause trouble . … 2. Contend over a claim; … fight over inheritance; … 3. Make for, aim at, journey towards … .” Yet when I ask Africans what banga means, they have no idea. In fact, no Zulu word could refer to motivation for the simple reason that there is no such concept in Zulu; and if there is no such concept there cannot be a word for it. This helps explain the need to pay blacks to behave as if they were motivated.


‘Racial Diversity’: Guaranteed to destroy western civilization  

‘Black Lives Matter’ Protesters Assault FOX New Reporter: White Libtard (Kirsten Powers) Thinks It Doesn’t Represent BLM

FOX contributor Kirstin Powers has been so duped by the Left’s ‘narrative’ concerning race relations in America that she feels obligated to defend the agitators of ‘Black Lives Matter’ at all costs, even when the evidence blatantly tells her otherwise!

Powers is convinced that the BLM ‘activists’ are “looking for solutions.” Their actions, however, say something very different. Even Bill O’Reilly can’t get through to her, and just gives up at the end of the segment. There are none so blind as those who willfully choose to be blind.

From all appearances, Kirstin Powers is an intelligent woman. She’s well-spoken, seemingly thoughtful, and is college educated. In reality, however, the woman is ignorant about race and human nature. You’d think that as a Christian who converted from atheism to theism (she was a Presbyterian but recently changed to Roman Catholicism), she’d know something about man’s sinful and depraved nature. But Powers is an emotional, bleeding-heart kind of Christian, and not a doctrinal or theological Christian who understands historic and apostolic doctrine.

Thus, she’s more inclined to identify and sympathize with the emotional rhetoric of BLM protesters. She’s the type to encourage mass third-world immigration to the West (as she has done!) for moral reasons and in order to rescue ‘poor refugees.’

Powers knows about race – Blacks in particular – yet only on a theoretical level. This pampered and privileged woman has never had to work nor live among the darlings of ‘diversity’ as they are in their own so-called ‘communities.’ 

Like most Whites, Powers has always observed them from a far distance. The Blacks she’s encountered in life were limited to a university environment which is hardly representative of most American Blacks who in comparison to Whites, drop out of high school in huge numbers and rarely attend college.

What Powers needs is a ‘diversity encounter,’ yet one wonders if even that will do her any good? Some Whites are so duped by their multicultural dogma that they cannot see the world around them in any other way. Powers has already demonstrated a willingness to close her eyes to what is patently obvious before her, so it should come as no surprise if she were to excuse or explain away a beatdown from one of diversity’s finest.

If you can stand to watch it, here’s Powers arguing with O’Reilly and defending her claim that conservatives only discuss Black-on-Black crime in order to “stick it to the Black community.”

‘White Lives Matter’ Group Protests the NAACP: Blacks Wanted a ‘Conversation,’ But Whites Refused

Whatever one might think about the image of Whites protesting the NAACP while holding Confederate flags, it’s good to see our people standing up for themselves.

Some of the Blacks were upset at the lack of ‘dialogue’: “They didn’t even want to talk” and “Tragedies are going to continue to happen if we don’t have an open dialogue,” said one Black man. 

Blacks like to pretend they want a ‘conversation on race,’ but what such ‘conversations’ actually amount to are nothing more than Whites being lectured on how ‘racist’ they are, and talked-down to by self-righteous negroes. They want Whites to grovel before them. They want to heap even more guilt and shame on the shoulders of our people.

Whites are always expected to listen and learn from the ‘experiences’ of Blacks, but Blacks are never expected to learn anything from us.

Signe cartoon Z1TOON25e Conversation on Race

I’m glad no such ‘dialogue’ had taken place. The days of talking and ‘conversations’ with this race of misfits are over. Having been coddled all their lives by disingenuous White liberals, including an enabling federal government, Blacks do not heed sound counsel. They don’t listen to wisdom. They don’t think they’ve done anything wrong. They want the entire world to change, but themselves. They possess inflated egos, they are insanely self-righteous, and they’re too stupid to realize that the social problems they suffer are of their own doing. No White man or woman can ever convince them otherwise.

So why engage them? How will this help our cause?

Does anyone seriously think that the Black protesters at the scene would have changed their minds? We must remember that Blacks respecting the opinions of Whites and agreeing with them doesn’t fit the Leftist ‘narrative.’ It’s assumed from the very outset that Whites have nothing of substance to contribute to ‘racial conversations’ unless it’s conceding that we are nothing more than bigoted racists who are guilty of murdering and colonizing the entire planet!  

I essentially take the same approach as these White protesters. Only rarely will I engage Blacks on this site, and I never discuss such matters with them in face-to-face conversations. I know it will do little good, and there are so many smokescreens and deeply-held biases that one has to first uproot, that I don’t even waste my time.


But there’s a greater reason than that. It’s because my message is not for them. My message is for Whites alone. I’m on no mission to ‘save’ Blacks nor to persuade them that I am right (although I will defend my opinions from their attacks on this site every so often). My purpose is to convince Whites that they have been lied to about racial ‘diversity’ and multiculturalism. My aim is to help awaken Whites by, more or less, rubbing their noses in the filth that liberals have created, including showing them the true nature of the ‘African-Americans’ that have polluted our once great nation.

This is why my blog is so graphic with lots of visuals. The deception runs so deep among our people that nothing less than an ‘in-your-face’ punch to the proverbial gut will awaken them. This also is why I encourage ‘diversity beatdowns’ among our people. It’s only when Whites experience up-close and personal the foul stench of ‘diversity’ that the scales begin to fall from their eyes (for some Whites, unfortunately, even that will not awaken them to reality!). For a huge segment of our people, nothing less will cause them to reconsider what they’ve been taught about race.

If there is to be a ‘conversation on race,’ it must take place between Whites, among our own people. We’ve said enough and we’ve done enough on behalf of Blacks. That nonsense needs to stop. It’s now time to educate Whites, to help them discover the level of brainwashing they’ve been subjected to for the past 60 years, and to encourage them to see the world and human nature as it really is.


Blacks only want a ‘conversation’ that reinforces their views

This is Why You Don’t Allow Your Kids to Play with Dindus (Warning: Graphic!)

Whenever Dindus are around, there’s bound to be trouble

Migrants from Africa Arrive to ‘Enrich’ an Italian Restaurant

It doesn’t matter where one finds negroes throughout the world, they are always the same. I guess ‘gibbs-me-dat’ runs in their genetics, eh? 

Driving Through Detroit at Night: A Taste of What Black ‘Communities’ Create

Hmm, I wonder what sights and sounds driving through Detroit at night will bring? Perhaps I will stand in awe of a glorious metropolis that’s safe for all to visit? Maybe I will be impressed with the hospitality and generous spirit of its residents? Perhaps I will discover a great and industrious people?

Nah, the only thing you’re going to see is a bunch of loitering and dysfunctional niggers.  

Never forget that only reason Black ‘communities’ are dangerous, crime-ridden toilet bowls is because of the majority character of the people who live there. It’s not because of poverty, ‘racism,’ or ‘lack of opportunities,’ but because of the ‘lack of content of character’ coupled with innate genetic traits and low-IQ. It’s a recipe for disaster, believe me, and that about sums up Blacks in America – a disaster! 

Can you believe that Whites were actually duped into giving these people the same rights and responsibilities as themselves? How could we have been beguiled so badly? Who was behind this conspiracy to deceive us?

Oh, yeah, the usual suspects.






NEW YORK, NY - AUGUST 09: People hold banners reading "Black Lives Matter" during a rally to mark the one year anniversary of the death of Michael Brown at Union Square in New York, NY on August 09, 2015. Brown was killed by police officer Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri, and his death set off nationwide protest against police brutality. (Photo by Cem Ozdel/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)



Jews & White liberals always work for the eradication of Whites

Black Thug Beat and Robbed 93-Year-Old Woman Living Next Door . . . and Then Poured Rubbing Alcohol Down Her Throat!

Don’t you fret that ‘White privileged’ head of yours because Blacks are ‘just like us.’ Besides, this poor Black man has experienced ‘systemic racism’ his entire life, and every attempt to succeed honorably in life was nullified by a ‘White power structure’ that refused to let him engage on an ‘even playing field.’

Since he never had the ‘educational opportunities’ of Whites, he was forced to resort to a life of crime. The entire criminal justice system stands against him, and he will be another statistic proving that Black males have only a ‘pipeline to prison’ direction in life.

If you believe that, you’re a complete moron.

This low-IQ feral gutter ape consciously made the choices he did in life. There were always plenty of educational opportunities available to him from the time he first entered grade school, but he chose another path. He could have found work but, instead, chose to steal from others.

Regardless of the influences surrounding his life, he willfully chose a path of harming innocent people and wasting his life.

In a sane nation, this worthless POS would have been tried and executed. Unfortunately, he will serve a relatively brief prison sentence and be released again to the streets to find more victims. How many more will he rob or savagely beat when he gets out? Who will he coldheartedly murder next time?

If I could will it, I would not hesitate to force every judge who passes a light sentence on behalf of these gutter rats to spend time alone with them in an empty cell with no guards and no protections. If I had the power, I would urge the execution of any sitting judge or any elected official that provided an early release to such thugs who, while back on the street, victimized more innocent people. Not so surprisingly, everyone sentenced to prison would be serving their full time if this were set policy. 

Never forget that the Black plague roaming our streets are only half of the problem. The other half lies in our criminal justice system, particularly among our liberal, feminized and bleeding-heart judges. 


Different Types of Dindus . . . But They’re All the Same!

Robbing Dindus

Not paying and assaulting other people Dindus

Attacking police and getting fatally shot Dindus

Convenience store wrecking Dindus

Brawling in restaurant Dindus

Make scenes on public transportation Dindus


The Dindu enablers

Feel Good Video of the Day: Convenience Store Clerk Cancels Kwanzaa For Armed Negroid Robber

Look at the bright side: No more preliminary hearings, no more jury trials, no more probation terms, no costly incarceration costs, no more crime victims, no more EBT payments, no more celebrating of fake religious holiday’s like ‘Kwanzaa,’ no more disrespect of cops, and one less gutter ape to help shit-stain the so-called ‘community’ he lived in.  

The REAL Planet of the Apes: When Disgusting Ape-Women Go Ape-Shit in Public!

These videos are only a tiny sampling of how dysfunctional, violent, chaotic, volatile, vile, embarrassing, loud-mouthed, and shameful enormous numbers of Black women in America are. The list of similar cellphone videos are endless.

As those of us who are race-conscious know, there is nothing subtle about  these negresses. They have huge chips on their shoulders, and they know nothing about being subdued, feminine and classy in their demeanor. The very qualities that would have countless men chasing after them – such as being soft-spoken, feminine, attired appropriately, gracious in speech and respectful toward others – they vehemently reject. It’s not wonder, then, that so many Black men reject them too and turn to White and Asian women.

A good number of Black women in the U.S. are looked upon as easy whores and uncouth ratchets for the simple reason that this is how they portray themselves. Today’s ‘African-American’ woman is a pathetic ‘thang,’ a cheaply coifed orangutan who carries with herself the stench of all lower primates.

These may seem as harsh words – and indeed they are – but are they not appropriate when one considers the kind of obscene conduct these ham-beasts routinely perform in public? A trip to the local subway is like observing brawling chimpanzees at the zoo.

What else are we to think?


Blacks in America, however, would rather get offended and complain of ‘racism’ than change their ways. They would rather bellyache and whine about ‘discrimination’ than collectively reform their conduct.

A good part of why things don’t change among ‘African-Americans’ is because the comparatively few among them who are honorable and law-abiding rarely speak out. Perhaps they are afraid to do so? Maybe they know it will do little good? Perhaps they remember how Bill Cosby was treated years back by so-called Black leaders when he preached against the ignorance and pants-saggin’ ways of American Blacks?

Either way, decent Blacks allow the ratchets and hood-rats to define them, to represent what Blacks are like before the watching world. It’s pretty much the truth, and there’s ample evidence to support it too.

I cannot deny that the greater number of Blacks throughout the world are deeply dysfunctional and possess strong traits that influence them toward savagery and criminality. It’s who they are. It’s inherent. It’s confirmed by history and human experience. 

Still, it seems to me that if decent Blacks really hated how they are portrayed on the world’s stage by their dysfunctional brethren, you’d think they would fight more strenuously to reform the moral character and piss-poor attitudes among their people.

But they don’t, other than a few brave souls.

Until Blacks on a collective level take ownership for their conduct and reform themselves, the ratchets and ghetto thugs will continue to take center stage. These are the people who will continually be their badge of dishonor.

Make no mistake about it, America’s major cities are where the real Planet of the Apes can be seen.

Mr. Heston, White Americans feel your pain

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